Как правильно подобрать шину для колеса?

Как правильно подобрать шину для колеса?

Корректно подобранные шины делают езду комфортной и безопасной, продлевают срок службы колес. В этой статье мы расскажем, как подобрать идеальную комбинацию из шины и колеса и на какие параметры обратить внимание при подборе новой резины.

Из чего состоит шина?

Как правильно подобрать шину для колеса?

Любая шина, независимо от ее производителя, имеет следующие элементы:

  • Боковина — прослойка из резины, которая защищает каркас по бокам.
  • Протектор — это самый верхний слой, который непосредственно контактирует с дорожным покрытием. Он обеспечивает адекватную сцепку с дорогой и защищает покрышку от повреждения.
  • Брекер — слои материала, расположенные между протектором и каркасом. Он обеспечивает максимальное сцепление между слоями и предотвращает отслойку протектора.
  • Стальной брекер — это опциональный слой, который есть только в цельнометаллокордовых моделях. Он значительно продлевает срок службы подобной резины и повышает ее стоимость.
  • Резиновая прослойка — может иметься не во всех моделях резины. Необходима для устойчивости шины к механическим повреждениям.
  • Бортовое кольцо — обеспечивает герметичную усадку шины на обод колеса и надежное крепление каркаса.
  • Каркас — это силовая часть покрышки, которая может иметь несколько слоев.
  • Наполнительный шнур — заполняет крыло и придает ему необходимый профиль.

Количество слоев брекера и каркаса, наличие дополнительных элементов влияют на длительность службы резины, а такие элементы как бортовое кольцо и наполнительный шнур играют непосредственную роль в усадке резины на колеса.

Идеальное сочетание колеса и шины

Подбирая резину, необходимо не только обратить внимание на ее строение, но и на ряд других параметров:

  • сезонность (зимняя, летняя, демисезонная);
  • тип протектора (с симметричным и ассиметричным рисунком, направленный и ненаправленный);
  • тип строения шины (камерная или бескамерная);
  • тип конструкции корда;
  • посадочный диаметр;
  • ширина и высота профиля (размеры модели);
  • индекс нагрузки и скорости.

Выбор сезонности, типа протектора зависит только от ваших нужд. Тип строения шины и корда предопределены заранее, поскольку практически во всех современных автомобилях используются бескамерные шины с радиальным кордом. Остальные характеристики указаны в инструкции вашей машины.

Техническое обслуживание

Если вы хотите получить качественное обслуживание своей машины и консультацию online от настоящих специалистов, то обратитесь к сотрудникам avto.od.ua.

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